A survey towards Eggs Creation and Quality With regards to the Ages away from Four Italian Poultry Twin-Mission Purebred Hens Reared Outdoors

A survey towards Eggs Creation and Quality With regards to the Ages away from Four Italian Poultry Twin-Mission Purebred Hens Reared Outdoors

The newest start of eggs putting to have hens try affected by genotype, health muscles updates and you will ecological standards. Regional types (light eggshell breeds-Padovana and you can Polverara; tinted eggshell breeds-Pepoi, Ermellinata di Rovigo, Robusta Maculata and you may Robusta Lionata) throughout the Veneto part, in the Northern Italy, had been reared external from spring (six months old; 6 WA) so you’re able to trip and you will winter months. The fresh new onset of putting ranged with regards to the reproduce (22–28 WA): precisely the tinted eggshell types already been laying after summer/start of trip, on presence out of a bringing down pure photoperiod, as well as the egg creation survived for the majority of days. On 38 WA, phony white are gradually put in the newest photoperiod discover 14L:10D, and at 42 WA, most of the half dozen breeds were laying. To have hens reared outside, relationships certainly one of ecosystem, body energy and you may health requirements should be thought about. The content on the active yield and eggs top-notch the fresh new local reproduce hens are useful into the management of the new wild birds and also for a sufficient source of egg, for both business and also for brooding throughout every season.


The month of hatching and the rearing management, especially temperature and photoperiod, are important factors for pullets and hens reared outdoors. The yield performance and egg quality of dual-purpose chicken breeds from the Veneto region (Italy), Pepoi (PP), Ermellinata di Rovigo (ER), Robusta Maculata (RM) and Robusta Lionata (RL), with different adult body weights (ABW, kg, PP = 1.3; ER = 2.3, RM and RL = 3.1), were studied, using a factorial model (4 ? 2), considering breed and age (26–33 weeks, mexikansk postorder brudkostnad first age, summer–autumn, under decreasing natural photoperiod-on average, 12L:12D, and 42–53 weeks, second age, winter, under implemented photoperiod-14L:10D) as the main effects and interaction. The chicks hatched in spring, and they started laying at the end of summer/beginning of autumn. Significant ( p < 0.05)>

1. Addition

Over the past couples decades, demand for twin-goal chicken breeds has been increasing, both for biodiversity and you will moral issues. Considering the advances during the genetic improvements getting produce efficiency during the hybrid hens carried out by a number of reproduction companies all over the world , biodiversity is one of the key beliefs away from durability getting as well as farming . The latest moral impact on creature passions was a further essential concern, and that takes into account not merely the newest rearing criteria of wild birds but in addition to their government. Brand new guys regarding egg covering hybrids try slain after hatching, as they do not do the basic growth and slaughtering top quality questioned with the sector . Also, crossbreed broilers tell you of a lot actual troubles, that do not allow them to possess sufficient well-being conditions, and totally free-variety rearing assistance is actually broadening because they make it chickens to raised tell you their pure behavior [3,4]. In the Italy, the fresh new Veneto region enjoys an extended heritage away from chicken breeding, a few chicken breeds have existed for the majority ages, and in the midst of the very last century, certain twin-goal purebreds manufactured playing with light- and you may brown-eggshell types . The first reputation that distinguishes the latest breeds, according to the supply, ‘s the colour of new eggshell, just like the poultry genotypes has actually yet another phylogenetic provider, having advanced independently in the crazy Gallus genus shortly after domestication, and many looks properties disagree between them. After the class ideal of the Ghigi, during the 1905, the fresh home-based chicken breeds are divided in to three groups, predicated on the morphological, biological and you will practical functions . You’ll find types, which happen to be such as insane Gallus genus, exhibiting very early progress and you may sexual maturity and you may a premier creation of eggs that have light eggshells. Quite the opposite, you can find breeds extremely distinctive from wild Gallus , demonstrating delayed development and you can sexual readiness, reasonable eggs design having brownish eggshells, and you will, throughout the 3rd class, you can find intermediate breeds, called twin-purpose breeds, which show intermediate characteristics, with additional resemblance on the types belonging to the basic otherwise 2nd group . Actually, it is known your types creating eggs that have white eggshells features human body growth, an effective metabolic profile and anatomy way more suited to higher egg development than brownish eggshell types. It physiological status, really showed because of the light eggshell hybrids [seven,8], reveals that the brand new mineral intake is utilized for the majority of of the skeletal and muscle growth before the start of putting and useful eggs development, to prevent race into the drank diet ranging from human anatomy innovation and egg development. Recently, education, based on SNP assortment, genotyped many poultry breeds and you will hybrids throughout the world to test this new hereditary diversity anywhere between and you may during the communities into energetic management of chicken genetic information [nine,10]. Variations in hereditary assortment when you look at the inhabitants were shown between the very picked industrial coating outlines and many African, South Western and many regional Western and you can European breeds , in addition to specific Italian types .

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